Sleep apnea is a disorder that is characterized by cases of reduced breathing, or by unusual pauses in the breathing pattern during sleep. Each pause between successive breaths is called an”apnea” – a term derived from the Greek word “apnoia” which means “without breath”. In the event of regular breathing, pauses’ frequency is regular and continuous. The periods between successive pauses begin becoming irregular, and when the regular breathing pattern changes due to various reasons, it leads to sleep apnea disease. Each intermittent pause of breath is also called “hypopnea.” So, in the event of normal breathing, each period or pause is termed as an “apnea”, while in case of abnormal breathing it is termed as “hypopnea.”
Symptoms of sleep apnea
People suffering from the disorder often do not know they have it. Symptoms may ascertain whether the individual is suffering from the disease. The major symptoms include:
Restless sleeping patterns
Choking or gasping during sleep
Feeling excessively sleepy during the day
Snoring frequently and loudly
Trouble in breathing during sleep
Other symptoms signaling a possible disease are:
Reduction of memory
Issue in learning new things
Inability to focus for long
Mood swings and/or personality changes
Dry throat when waking
Frequent urination during the night
Causes of sleep apnea
The disease generally occurs due to a fat buildup, or a reduction of muscle tone, particularly during old age. In this specific disease, the tracheal muscles (trachea is the windpipe), the soft palate muscles at the base of the tongue, and the uvula is that the triangular-shaped small fleshy tissue hanging from the middle at the back of the throat) relax to a substantial extent and collapse throughout the breathing action. Basically, the windpipe becomes tight, or the windpipe’s layers adhere that limits the flow of air to the lungs. The disease may occur due to a malfunction of nerves controlling the breathing procedure during sleep. This sleep disorder can be identified by an overnight polysomnogram evaluation – a sleep test that is used to detect sleep disorders and associated issues.
Outcomes of sleep apnea
though sleep illness might seem to be common and not-so-serious, it can result in some serious health issues. If left untreated, the disorder can result in:
High blood pressure
Coronary Heart Disease
Chronic Heart Failure
Worsening of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Types of sleep apnea
There are 3 types of sleep apnea:
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Central sleep apnea (CSA)
Mixed sleep apnea (MSA)
Even though all 3 types of sleeping disorders differ as far as their causes and therapy are concerned, one aspect remains common – some pieces of the lymph system narrow down and impair the proportion of oxygen reaching the subject’s lungs.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Your Dentist Can Help
Sleep Apnea is a condition brought on by an absence of air passing through into the lungs during sleep; it’s an incident that lasts for over 10 minutes. This lack of atmosphere leads to a diminished saturation of oxygen levels in blood flow, which causes oxygen deprivation of the brain and other bodily tissues. In order to increase blood oxygen levels, the brain instructs an awakening and commands the body. The person starts breathing, often noisily initially and wakes up for a time, then drops back to sleep. The individual has no memory of those micro-awakenings in the morning.
During sleep, the muscles of the pharynx (a part of the throat which sits beneath the mouth and nasal cavity) overly relax and obstruct the airway, which is exactly what causes the Sleep Apnea episodes. Such episodes can occur several times in an hour of sleep and some over 10-15 episodes of Sleep Apnea within an hour is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. The sleep of the night divides into hundreds of fragmented miniature periods of sleep, resulting in the individual feeling exhausted as the systems of the body haven’t had time to rejuvenate overnight. The oxygen deficiency affects a person’s metabolism, which is an Obstructive Sleep Apnea sufferer wakes and usually has a hassle.
According to the American National Sleep Foundation, Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome costs the United States over $100 billion annually. This is a common problem, but it isn’t highly researched, and therefore many people do not know of its presence.
In regards to the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, the gold standard is CPAP-therapy, which involves wearing a CPAP mask during sleep. Approximately 50% of individuals don’t like CPAP-therapy for a very long period due to the intrusive nature of the CPAP mask. CPAP-therapy is not recommended for moderate and mild forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. What is the remedy for this?
Sleep Apnea Dentists May Help Heal Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Sleep Apnea Dentists out of Dentistry At Market Mall can help treat mild and moderate forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome through dental apparatus, which may also be used with CPAP-therapy for more effective outcomes. The dental instruments are simple to use, are compact, powerful and affordable. The main role of the devices is to keep airways open to prevent the Obstructive Sleep Apnea episodes. These oral appliances have been used in medicine for almost 30 decades and have always improved in technology through recent years. The most significant improvements are comfort-focused the look of materials and the apparatus used in construction.
There are three common Kinds of dental devices worn in the mouth at nighttime, and fitted by a dentist or orthodontist:
1) Tongue Retaining Devices (TRD)
These devices hold the tongue to ensure the airways are kept open.
Two ) OPA Devices (Oral Pressure Appliance)
These apparatus lift the soft palate (the tissue in the rear roof of the mouth) and maintain the tongue in a certain spot to keep airways open.
3) The Mandibular Advancement Splines (MAS) or Mandibular Advancement Devices (MAD)
These are the most frequently used oral devices for Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. Their function is to maintain the jaw in a forward position, thus allowing airflow to the lungs and preventing displacement of the lower jaw during sleep. The airflow is completely restored along with the Obstructive Sleep Apnea episodes stop.
Modern Mandibular Advancement apparatus are individually made to both upper and lower limbs, and the two are fixed into the jaws before bedtime. When attached to the jaw, this device generates an opening of the airways. The part of the system holds the lower jaw in a forward position at about 75% of its forward movement. Following two weeks of wearing this device, the patient undergoes a second re-examination in a sleep study. If needed, the dentist can control the apparatus by moving the jaw forward millimeters to correct the issue.
The dental device is tailored to each person, as each mouth is exceptional. The methods used to guarantee the correct apparatus is made and fitted comprise: Cephalometry (measurement and study of the proportions of the head and face), computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, video endoscopy and lateral Cephalometry of the individual with and without the device into their mouth.
A dental device is usually advocated in the following scenarios:
1) moderate or moderate forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (episodes of Apnea less than 20 in a hour);
2) A patient’s unwillingness to use a CPAP-mask or undesirable results from using it;
3) An individual’s unwillingness to perform a surgical treatment or unsuccessful surgical treatment in the past;
4) The patient is in a healthy weight range (BMI- Body Mass Index is used to quantify this);
5) Patient’s willingness to utilize the dental device each evening.
Things to Consider Before Visiting a Sleep Apnea Dentist
Dental apparatus aren’t recommended in treating patients with Central Sleep Apnea Syndrome, as this kind of sleep Apnea isn’t associated with the narrowing of the upper respiratory tract, rather is it closely associated with heart and lung issues.
For individuals with acute forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, the oral apparatus isn’t enough, and these patients are treated with CPAP-therapy.
There are also age restrictions; oral devices aren’t suited to patients less than 18 decades of age.
Diseases of the temporomandibular joint (the sliding joint which links to the jawbone to the skull) are quite frequent among patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. However, today there’s absolutely no reason to discourage the use of dental instruments. Studies indicate that side effects, such as pain in the temporomandibular usually expressed and only occurs in the first stages of working with the dental instruments.
Bruxism is a common disease among patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. In such scenarios, the use of oral apparatus helps prevent abrasion of teeth and considerably reduces the motor activity of the muscles during sleep.